Tor on Linux: How to manually install
Tor 

If you need a secure browser that supports really anonymous browsing, here’s how to manually install the Tor browser on Linux.

Tor Browser , is a package that features a Firefox-based ESR (Firefox with extended support) browser, configured to protect the privacy and anonymity of users using Tor (which comes with it).

Tor on Linux: see how to install manually
Tor on Linux: see how to install manually

Tor, T he O nion R outer, is a network of virtual tunnels that allows users to communicate securely as well as anonymously over the Internet.

The feature allows organizations and individuals to share information over public networks without compromising their privacy.

You can use Tor to prevent sites from tracking you and your family, or to connect to news sites, instant messaging services, or sites that are blocked by Internet service providers and network administrators.

To summarize: Using Tor on Linux is a great strategy for having more privacy, especially in times of governments monitoring the lives of even presidents and citizens.

Using Tor on Linux is very simple, but although repositories of major distributions provide a version of the Tor browser, it can sometimes come outdated.

In that case, if you want the latest version (stable and experimental), just follow this tutorial to install the Tor browser on Linux, regardless of your favorite distribution.

The app has been updated recently and so this tutorial is being republished with the updated links.

Before proceeding, uninstall any version of Tor browser that is already on your system.

Get to know the Tor browser better

To learn more about this program, click on this link .

How to install the latest stable version of Tor browser on Ubuntu and derivatives

If what you are looking for is a way to install it in Ubuntu, take a look at this other tutorial:
Tor in Ubuntu and derivatives – see how to install the latest version

How to install the latest stable version of Tor browser on Linux

To install the latest stable version of the Tor Browser on Linux, do the following:
Step 1. Open a terminal;
Step 2. If you have already done some manual installation, delete the previous folder, link, and shortcut with this command;

sudo rm -Rf /opt/tor-browser*
sudo rm -Rf /usr/bin/tor-browser
sudo rm -Rf /usr/share/applications/torbrowser.desktop

Step 3. Check if your system is 32-bit or 64-bit by using the following command in the terminal:

uname -m

Step 4. If your system is 32-bit, use the command below to download the program. If the link is out of date, go to this page (click the latest folder that does not contain the alpha or beta name), download the latest version and save it as tor-browser.tar.xz:

wget https://www.torproject.org/dist/torbrowser/7.0.9/tor-browser-linux32-7.0.9_en-US.tar.xz -O tor-browser.tar.xz

Step 5. If your system is 64-bit, use the command below to download the program. If the link is out of date, go to this page (click the latest folder that does not contain the alpha or beta name), download the latest version and save it as tor-browser.tar.xz:

wget https://www.torproject.org/dist/torbrowser/7.0.9/tor-browser-linux64-7.0.9_en-US.tar.xz -O tor-browser.tar.xz

Step 6. Run the command below to decompress the downloaded package to the / opt / folder;

sudo tar -xvJf tor-browser.tar.xz -C /opt/

Step 7. Rename the created folder;

sudo mv /opt/tor-browser*/ /opt/tor-browser

Step 8. Finally, create a shortcut to facilitate program execution;

sudo ln -sf /opt/tor-browser/Browser/start-tor-browser /usr/bin/torbrowser

Step 9. If your current graphical environment supports, create a launcher for the program by running the command below;

echo -e '[Desktop Entry]\n Version=1.0\n Name=torbrowser\n Exec=/opt/tor-browser/Browser/start-tor-browser\n Icon=/opt/tor-browser/Browser/icons/updater.png\n Type=Application\n Categories=Application' | sudo tee /usr/share/applications/torbrowser.desktop

How to install the latest trial version of Tor browser on Linux (Experimental)

The trial version of the Tor browser is one that is still in development and therefore brings the latest news of the program, as well as its bugs. Because of this, you should install this version at your own risk and of course, be ready for some common incidents in software that are at that stage.
To install the latest trial version of the Tor Browser on Linux, do the following:
Step 1. Open a terminal;
Step 2. If you have already done some manual installation, delete the previous folder, link, and shortcut with this command;

sudo rm -Rf /opt/tor-browser*
sudo rm -Rf /usr/bin/tor-browser
sudo rm -Rf /usr/share/applications/torbrowser.desktop

Step 3. Check if your system is 32-bit or 64-bit by using the following command in the terminal:

uname -m

Step 4. If your system is 32-bit, use the command below to download the program. If the link is outdated, go to this page (click the folder that contains the alpha or beta name), download the latest version and save it as tor-browser.tar.xz:

wget https://dist.torproject.org/torbrowser/7.5a7/tor-browser-linux32-7.5a7_pt-BR.tar.xz -O tor-browser.tar.xz

Step 5. If your system is 64-bit, use the command below to download the program. If the link is outdated, go to this page (click the folder that contains the alpha or beta name), download the latest version and save it as tor-browser.tar.xz:

wget https://dist.torproject.org/torbrowser/7.5a7/tor-browser-linux64-7.5a7_pt-BR.tar.xz -O tor-browser.tar.xz

Step 6. Run the command below to decompress the downloaded package to the / opt / folder;

sudo tar -xvJf tor-browser.tar.xz -C /opt/]

Step 7. Rename the created folder;

sudo mv /opt/tor-browser*/ /opt/tor-browser

Step 8. Finally, create a shortcut to facilitate program execution;

sudo ln -sf /opt/tor-browser/Browser/start-tor-browser /usr/bin/torbrowser

Step 9. If your current graphical environment supports, create a launcher for the program by running the command below;

echo -e '[Desktop Entry]\n Version=1.0\n Name=torbrowser\n Exec=/opt/tor-browser/Browser/start-tor-browser\n Icon=/opt/tor-browser/Browser/icons/updater.png\n Type=Application\n Categories=Application' | sudo tee /usr/share/applications/torbrowser.desktop

Running and configuring Tor

To start the program, type torin a terminal, followed by the TAB key.
If your distribution supports it, place the shortcut on your desktop using the system file manager or the command below, and use it to start the program.

sudo chmod +x /usr/share/applications/torbrowser.desktop
cp /usr/share/applications/torbrowser.desktop  ~/Área\ de\ Trabalho/

If your system is in English, use this command to copy the shortcut to your desktop:

cp /usr/share/applications/torbrowser.desktop ~/Desktop

For more details on this task, see this tutorial:
Adding Application Shortcuts to the Unity Desktop

If you want, you can also use the system file manager to run the program, just by opening its folder and clicking its executable.

When running Tor on Linux for the first time, click the “Connect” button so that it prepares everything and launches the browser.

Tor on Linux: see how to install manually

Tor on Linux: see how to install manually

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